MySQL Cheatsheet

MySQL Cheatsheet

CREATE USER

Example

CREATE USER 'jeffrey'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

CREATE USER 'jeffrey'@'localhost'
  IDENTIFIED WITH caching_sha2_password BY 'new_password'
  PASSWORD EXPIRE INTERVAL 180 DAY
  FAILED_LOGIN_ATTEMPTS 3 PASSWORD_LOCK_TIME 2;

CREATE USER 'jim'@'localhost'
ATTRIBUTE '{"fname": "James", "lname": "Scott", "phone": "123-456-7890"}';

Syntax

CREATE USER [IF NOT EXISTS]
    user [auth_option] [, user [auth_option]] ...
    DEFAULT ROLE role [, role ] ...
    [REQUIRE {NONE | tls_option [[AND] tls_option] ...}]
    [WITH resource_option [resource_option] ...]
    [password_option | lock_option] ...
    [COMMENT 'comment_string' | ATTRIBUTE 'json_object']

user:
    (see Section 6.2.4, “Specifying Account Names”)

auth_option: {
    IDENTIFIED BY 'auth_string'
  | IDENTIFIED BY RANDOM PASSWORD
  | IDENTIFIED WITH auth_plugin
  | IDENTIFIED WITH auth_plugin BY 'auth_string'
  | IDENTIFIED WITH auth_plugin BY RANDOM PASSWORD
  | IDENTIFIED WITH auth_plugin AS 'auth_string'
}

tls_option: {
   SSL
 | X509
 | CIPHER 'cipher'
 | ISSUER 'issuer'
 | SUBJECT 'subject'
}

resource_option: {
    MAX_QUERIES_PER_HOUR count
  | MAX_UPDATES_PER_HOUR count
  | MAX_CONNECTIONS_PER_HOUR count
  | MAX_USER_CONNECTIONS count
}

password_option: {
    PASSWORD EXPIRE [DEFAULT | NEVER | INTERVAL N DAY]
  | PASSWORD HISTORY {DEFAULT | N}
  | PASSWORD REUSE INTERVAL {DEFAULT | N DAY}
  | PASSWORD REQUIRE CURRENT [DEFAULT | OPTIONAL]
  | FAILED_LOGIN_ATTEMPTS N
  | PASSWORD_LOCK_TIME {N | UNBOUNDED}
}

lock_option: {
    ACCOUNT LOCK
  | ACCOUNT UNLOCK
}

CREATE DATABASE

CREATE {DATABASE | SCHEMA} [IF NOT EXISTS] db_name
    [create_option] ...

create_option: {
    [DEFAULT] CHARACTER SET [=] charset_name
  | [DEFAULT] COLLATE [=] collation_name
  | [DEFAULT] ENCRYPTION [=] {'Y' | 'N'}
}

GRANT

Example

GRANT ALL ON db1.* TO 'jeffrey'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT ON world.* TO 'role3';

CREATE USER 'jeffrey'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
GRANT ALL ON db1.* TO 'jeffrey'@'localhost';
GRANT SELECT ON db2.invoice TO 'jeffrey'@'localhost';
ALTER USER 'jeffrey'@'localhost' WITH MAX_QUERIES_PER_HOUR 90;

Syntax

GRANT
    priv_type [(column_list)]
      [, priv_type [(column_list)]] ...
    ON [object_type] priv_level
    TO user_or_role [, user_or_role] ...
    [WITH GRANT OPTION]
    [AS user
        [WITH ROLE
            DEFAULT
          | NONE
          | ALL
          | ALL EXCEPT role [, role ] ...
          | role [, role ] ...
        ]
    ]
}

GRANT PROXY ON user_or_role
    TO user_or_role [, user_or_role] ...
    [WITH GRANT OPTION]

GRANT role [, role] ...
    TO user_or_role [, user_or_role] ...
    [WITH ADMIN OPTION]

object_type: {
    TABLE
  | FUNCTION
  | PROCEDURE
}

priv_level: {
    *
  | *.*
  | db_name.*
  | db_name.tbl_name
  | tbl_name
  | db_name.routine_name
}

user_or_role: {
    user (see Section 6.2.4, “Specifying Account Names”)
  | role (see Section 6.2.5, “Specifying Role Names”)
}

 

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